The tenth Head of the River was conducted on 12th and 14th May 1877 on the Upper Yarra (upstream).
This event continued with heats and finals with three schools competing. The Geelong Grammar Boat Club history reports that it did not compete on medical advice. It quotes the Grammar School Quarterly April 1877 page 16 as follows:
But we did not enter - not because we were afraid of defeat which the crew above mentioned [Bow: G Smith, 2: G Trangmar, 3: S Fairbairn, Str: T Fairbairn] would certainly have received, but because the Headmaster and the medical advisers of the School were of the opinion that the stroke and three were too young to undergo the training and hard work necessary, and that it would be better to allow them another year before risking the strain to their constitutions which a stiff race over the Melbourne course would entail.
John Hood, later Mr Justice Hood, a founder of the Victorian Rowing Association, presented Geelong Grammar with a racing four on the condition that a shed be built for that club. It was built that year.
The Sumner Cup was donated in 1875 by Hon T J Sumner for competition among the five Public Schools, the cup to become the property of the school which should first win it three times. This was Scotch College's second win.
The Sumner Cup - now the perpertual trophy for the Girls' Head of the River
Starter: Mr A Nicholls
Umpire: Prof Martin Howy Irving
Judge: Mr M Byrne
Head of the River
Margin: 3 lengths
1st Melbourne Grammar - Bow: H A Smith, 2: F H Mackay, 3: S J H Stephen, Str: F S Stephen, Cox: Arthur Edwards, Cch: P de J Grut
2nd Scotch College - Bow: Charles J Baker, 2: John G Robertson, 3: Robert A Baillie, Str: Robert J P Simson, Cox: Frederick J Edwards, Cch: John Wallace
Wesley College - Bow: Rowe, 2: Tatchell, 3: Boyd, Str: Robb, Cox: Tuckfield, Cchs: H M Andrew, Macdonald & E G Ochiltree
E1: 1st MGS, 2nd WC, Margin 1 length. Scotch College secured the bye for this race and earned a place in the final. The race was excellent with MGS winning by only a length after WC led for the first part of the race.
E2 (and final): 1st MGS, 2nd SC, Margin: 3 lengths Despite being the favourites, Scotch were soundly defeated and never in the race. A clash of oars due to the steering of the MGS crew had no appreciable impact on the race and so no protest was lodged.
As mentioned above, the Geelong Grammar crew did not race on medical advice. The crew was comprised of:
Geelong Grammar - Bow: G Smith, 2: G Trangmar, 3: Stephen Fairbairn, Str: T Fairbairn, Cox: unknown, Cch: James L Cuthbertson
It is interesting to note the influence of the Edwards boatbuilding family on the Scotch and Grammar crews. The Scotch Collegian on May 1937 noted: Cox Frederick Edwards was one of the Edwards' boathouse fame, as well-known on the Yarra itself. There were several boys in that family. Some went to Scotch and some to Grammar, and on occasions the youngsters coxed opposing crews, probably a record in Head of the River races. This is what occurred in this race.